How to Support Children with Birth Defects

Child care providers have a unique opportunity to play a critical role in preventing and early identification of birth defects.
birth defect awareness month. Doctor holding a blue and pink ribbon.

The Ideas & Solutions blog is intended to provide a forum for the discussion of child care and early education issues and ideas. We hope to provoke thoughtful discussions within the field and to help those outside the field gain a better understanding of priorities and concerns.

By Erica Goldsby and Jessica Strawn, Child Care Health Consultant Nurses, Child Care Aware of Kansas.

January is National Birth Defects Awareness Month. Child care providers have a unique opportunity to play a critical role in preventing and early identification of birth defects. As a childcare provider, you support mothers during pregnancy and care for children in their early years of life.

birth defect awareness month. Doctor holding a blue and pink ribbon.
What Are Birth Defects?

A birth defect is a structural change present at birth that can affect almost any part of the body. Some birth defects can be seen (such as a cleft palate), while others cannot (such as a heart defect). The severity of birth defects varies—some may shorten a child’s lifespan while others will not. The cause of many birth defects is unknown. Birth defects can develop during any stage of pregnancy, but most happen within the first three months in utero. Potential causes of birth defects include genetics, something in the environment, or behaviors such as drug or alcohol use. Most birth defects are identified within the child’s first year of life.

What Can You Do?

Child care providers can play a critical role in the early identification of and intervention for children with birth defects. Recognition of birth defects across the lifespan helps provide affected children and their families the information they need to seek care. Regular tracking of developmental milestones for all children allows you to equitably identify children who may benefit from receiving early intervention services. Early intervention services can include special education, speech therapy, physical therapy, and more. These services can have a significant impact on a child’s life by giving them the skills they need to overcome challenges and increase their success in school and life. For questions or help getting started, contact your childcare health consultant. They can provide you with a tool to help review milestone development, coach you through difficult conversations with parents, and provide you with referrals for families to early intervention services in your area. One example of early intervention services is Infant-Toddler Services | KDHE, KS.


Some children with birth defects will not require particular intervention or care, while others may need extensive support. You want to be sure you are never endangering yourself, the child, or other children in your care by offering services you do not have the proper training to provide. However, some diagnoses may be more intimidating on paper than the reality of the support that they require.

The first step to caring for a child with a birth defect or particular need is to interview the family and review that child’s care plan. Most likely, the parents will be able to provide training specific to the child’s care needs. In addition, you may be able to seek guidance from the child’s healthcare support team (such as an in-home therapist).

CCHC Nurse Consultants can help you review your documentation to ensure you have the forms you need to provide proper care for a child. These forms can include care plans, medical action plans, or creating a medication administration policy for your handbook.

Children of all different abilities need care. We want to provide children and families with equal opportunities to succeed, and that starts with child care.

Child care providers can be crucial in supporting parents and children with birth defects. However, we recognize that this may be uncomfortable for some providers who have never experienced caring for a child with special healthcare needs. We are here to help. Reach out to your Child Care Health Consultant today by calling 785-823-3343 or completing an inquiry online here by clicking on “Schedule an Introductory Meeting.”

  • Erica Goldsby
    Child Care Nurse Consultant, Child Care Aware of Kansas

    Erica has a Bachelors in Science of Nursing MWSU and a Masters of Public Health KSU. She has five years experience working at Fort Riley engaged with Child and Youth Services programs as a Public Health Nurse and Child and Youth Services Nurse. She has worked with children ages 6 weeks-18 years with a variety of special needs. She is an American Heart Association HeartSaver Instructor. Taught daycare providers at Fort Riley about Medication Administration, Communicable Diseases, Bloodborne Pathogens, and Diabetes.

  • Jessica Gable
    Child Care Nurse Consultant, Child Care Aware of Kansas

    Jessica joined the CCHC team in May 2022 as a Nurse Consultant, working from her home town of Derby, KS. Before joining Child Care Aware of Kansas, Jessica worked as a pediatric home health nurse. She holds a Bachelor’s degree in Nursing from University of Nebraska Medical Center Lincoln. In her free time, Jessica enjoys being creative with self-portrait photography and trying out new recipes!